According to the data of the Ministry of health, inadequate and unbalanced nutrition negatively affects the physical, social and mental development of individuals and the economic and cultural development of society. This condition is most common in infants and children.
In studies conducted on breast milk for the last 30 years, it reveals the fact that breast milk is a unique nutrient and cannot be replaced in baby nutrition.
As a result, the use of breast milk is becoming widespread again all over the world. Breastfeeding is cited as the most important factor in the health and well-being of mothers and their babies.
According to studies, it shows that breastfeeding alone reduces childhood deaths by 13 percent and about 20 percent in combination with proper complementary nutrition practices.
DISEASES ARE LESS COMMON
According to UNICEF, mortality rates in children who are not fed breast milk are 4-6 times higher than in those who are fed. According to World Health Organization (WHO) data, nutritional deficiencies, which alone are responsible for 7 percent of child deaths under the age of 5, are the main underlying cause of about half. Who notes that more than 800 thousand lives a year will be saved if the rates of breastfeeding women are high.
The baby should be fed only with breast milk (even without water) for the first 6 months, and they should be breastfed until at least 2 years of age and beyond, even if additional food is switched after 6 months.
Breast-fed babies have diarrhea, pneumonia, otitis media, allergic diseases, have emerged at a more advanced age, and Type 1 and type 2 diabetes, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, hypertension, cancer, allergies, asthma, obesity, and obesity, multiple sclerosis, dental disorders, and some mental illnesses are less likely to. It is also known that those who are breast-fed have higher school achievement.
Breast milk nutrition, as well as the baby, contributes to the mother, the country and the family economy, as well as to the environment.
THERE ARE 1302 BABY FRIENDLY HOSPITALS IN TURKEY
The first step to be taken to prevent nutritional deficiencies is to start breastfeeding as soon as possible after birth, to breastfeed babies for the first 6 months alone, to continue until 2 years of age and beyond.
“Breast milk promotion and Baby-Friendly Health Organizations program” is being carried out by the ministry for the protection of Child Health in Turkey, reduction of diseases, prevention of infant and child deaths.
In this context, it is aimed to protect and support breastfeeding and to ensure the implementation and continuation of the 10-step strategy in successful breastfeeding, which is the basis of the program, in all health institutions and organizations, as well as to reduce mortality and disease rates in children through the Prevention of eating disorders.
Applied all over the world “Baby Friendly Hospitals in the program that started with the concept of primary health care institutions with the inclusion of “baby friendly health institutions” then “baby-friendly County” and then “Golden baby-friendly County” with resumed.
According to ministry data, within the scope of the program implemented in 156 countries, there are more than 20 thousand Baby-Friendly hospitals worldwide, and 1302 of these hospitals are located in Turkey.
BREASTFEEDING PERIOD RISES TO 17 MONTHS
As a result of successful studies, an increase in the rate of babies fed only breast milk was achieved. 96.5 percent of all children born in Turkey breastfed for a period of time, increasing the average breastfeeding time to 17 months.
Breastfeeding Week is celebrated every year in Turkey to raise awareness about breastfeeding.
During the week in question, various activities and trainings are planned and implemented in order to emphasize the importance of the subject throughout Turkey and to raise social awareness. For growth and development to be in ideal conditions, nutrition in the process that begins in the womb and continues from birth to the end of 2 years, especially called the critical window, becomes important.