Thousands of accident victims ‘ lives could be saved by injecting a drug that helps stop bleeding at the scene, scientists say.
90 PERCENT OF ACCIDENT DEATHS OCCUR IN MIDDLE-INCOME AND LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
However, the researchers said the drug may be most useful in low-and middle-income countries, often with first responders less likely to receive training in intravenous (intravenous) techniques. In these countries, more than 90 percent of the world’s trauma deaths occur, and about 80 percent of them occur before the patient reaches the hospital.
WORKS LIKE A VACCINE AGAINST TRAUMA DEATH
Novelist and epidemiologist Ian Roberts, from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, told The Times: “intramuscular tranexamic acid is like a vaccine against trauma death. An emergency injection of tranquilizers is life-saving after serious injuries. Hospitals don’t have enough time to treat them. A rapid intramuscular injection given by first responders or paramedics can prevent the patient’s death,” Novak said.
IT MUST BE RECEIVED NO LATER THAN AN HOUR
Professor Roberts, on the other hand, explained that every quarter-hour delay a patient experiences in taking tranquilizers reduces the drug’s life-saving potential by about 10 per cent. He reported that for the injection to be effective, it must be done within an hour at most.
Professor Roberts and his colleagues treated 30 bleeding trauma patients admitted in London-based hospitals in their study. Each of the patients was given the first dose of tranexamic acid intravenously. But the latter was administered by intramuscular injection.
The team explained that the drug quickly mixed from the muscles into the patients ‘ bloodstream, reaching the required level in under 15 minutes in all cases, with no local side effects other than some redness and swelling.