What is autoimmune disease?

The immune system normally protects against microbes such as bacteria and viruses.

When the system detects danger, it activates the defense cells immediately. In an autoimmune disease, the immune system perceives the joints, tissues and organs of the body as foreign.

The immune system, which protects people from viruses, bacteria, parasites or other impurities, cannot distinguish between “harmful” and “harmless” in autoimmune diseases.


There are more than 80 known types of autoimmune diseases.

Among them, the most common are as follows;

Rheumatoid arthritis: pain in the joints, redness, swelling and inflammation accompanied by an increase in temperature.
Lupus( SLE): many organs are affected, including the skin, joints, kidneys, brain and heart. Joint pain, weakness and skin rashes are seen.
Diabetes: constant desire to drink water, occasional imbalances in mood, wounds that do not heal

Hashimato: weight gain, intolerance to heat and cold, fatigue, hair loss and goiter (growth of the thyroid gland) Gini symptoms are seen.
Psoriasis: itchy plaques in the form of red spots on the body, covered with silver scales.

Sjogren’s Syndrome: the most important symptoms are joint pain, dry eyes and mouth
Celiac disease: symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting
Behçet’s disease: an autoimmune rheumatic disease that occurs with wounds in the mouth or genital area, redness and swelling of the eyes, inflammation of the joints, problems with the skin and digestive system.

The symptoms of people with autoimmune disease are mainly associated with which organs attack the immune system. Examples of possible complaints include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood coming from the stool
  • Blood coming from urine
  • Chronic pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Fire
  • Joint pain
  • Dry mouth
  • Itching in the body
  • Muscle pain Nov
  • Kidney pain
  • Skin rash
  • Dry eyes


Types of autoimmune diseases are often understood through doctor’s examination and blood testing. Autoimmune diseases are treated by different specialists. These can be listed primarily as rheumatologists, internal medicine specialists, dermatologists, endocrinologists and neurologists. The treatments applied cannot cure autoimmune diseases, but interventions such as controlling the active immune response and reducing inflammation can be made.

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