Familial Mediterranean Fever disease, also known as FMF, is a genetic disease especially seen in Mediterranean countries.
Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF), usually diagnosed in childhood, is accompanied by self-induced inflammatory attacks. It can also cause damage to organs if the diagnosis of FMF is delayed.
WHAT IS FAMILIAL MEDITERRANEAN FEVER (FMF)?
Familial Mediterranean Fever is a disease caused by autosomal recessive (recessive) transitive hereditary and gene disorder that is manifested by abdominal pain in attacks, fever complaints and can be confused with acute appendicitis.
This disease, which is usually seen in countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, is common in North Africa, Armenians, Arabs and Jews.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF FAMILIAL MEDITERRANEAN FEVER (FMF)?
Symptoms that may occur in a person with FMF include:
- Recurrent fever (above 38 degrees)
- Recurrent abdominal pain,
- Joint problems
- Chest pain
- A red rash below the knees and feet
- Swelling and tenderness in the testicle bag
- Increase in blood inflammation rates during follow-ups
HOW IS FAMILIAL MEDITERRANEAN FEVER TREATED?
FMF is diagnosed based on clinical findings, family history, examination findings and laboratory tests.
There is no definitive treatment for FMF disease. The aim of treatment is to stabilize the general condition of the patient and to prevent symptoms and attacks with the given drugs.
There is only one drug used for FMF disease and it is given to you by your doctor if it is diagnosed.