What is psoriasis, what are its symptoms

Psoriasis, which is not one of the infectious diseases, usually occurs on the knees and scalp.

In winter, there is an increase in psoriasis as the ray effect of the sun disappears.

Psoriasis is a skin disorder that causes skin cells to multiply several times faster than normal. Psoriasis is not contagious. But in some cases it can also be seen in family members. A person with psoriasis begins to see bumpy red spots covered with white scales on the skin during his illness. Psoriasis, which is effective in only a few areas in most cases, occurs throughout the body in some severe cases.


Plaque psoriasis is the most common form and is manifested by skin symptoms that are covered by silvery white shells over puffy, red plaques from the skin. Psoriasis is not just a skin disease or a cosmetic problem. A disease that is stubborn, chronic, and often so distressing that it can affect the simplest aspects of patients ‘ daily lives. About 30 percent of people with psoriasis have psoriasis (inflammation of the joints due to psoriasis). Psoriasis arthritis affects the joints, causing restrictive symptoms such as pain, joint stiffness, and irreversible joint damage. Psoriasis is also associated with other serious health problems, such as diabetes, heart disease and depression.


Symptoms of psoriasis can vary. But the most common type of plaque symptoms of psoriasis are plaques covered with silver scales in the form of red spots. These plaques can be itchy and painful. Sometimes cracking these plaques can cause bleeding. In cases that become severe, these plaques can grow and merge with other psoriasis diseases and cover the body. Other types of psoriasis include pustular psoriasis, which usually occurs in adults, with small pustules on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, which are bubbles filled with white or yellow liquid with no inflammation inside, causing the appearance of reddened and scaly skin.


Many treatments are available for psoriasis. A few of these treatments are:

Topical treatments

It is one of the treatments that takes place by applying gels, ointments or creams directly to the place where psoriasis is and is the first option.
When applied directly to the skin, it slows down the growth of body cells and treats psoriasis.

Light therapy

Another form of treatment applied directly to the skin is UV phototherapy treatment. UV rays are applied directly to psoriasis and help slow the growth of excess skin cells.

Oral treatment

Usually used for moderate or severe psoriasis, this treatment reduces inflammation and affects the immune system when taken orally in pill or liquid form.

Biological treatments

Biological therapy is a systemic treatment option applied for moderate to severe psoriasis. This treatment, administered by injection or infusion, helps reduce inflation by targeting specific proteins that are over-produced.

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