What is sleep apnea and how is it treated?

Stopping breathing during sleep for more than 10 seconds is called “apnea.” Partial cessation of breathing during sleep occurs as snoring. “Sleep apnea “and associated” excessive daytime sleepiness ” can cause vital problems.

Obstructive (Obstructive) Sleep Apnea Syndrome can recur many times during the night.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS OF SLEEP APNEA?

3 main signs of sleep apnea are snoring, apnea confirmed by the patient’s partner, and excessive daytime sleepiness. Other than that, shortness of breath,

The general factors that will create the cause of sleep apnea are as follows:

  • Being overweight,
  • Having large tonsils and nasal flesh
  • Strictures in the upper respiratory tract

WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF SLEEP APNEA?

There are 3 types of sleep apnea disorder. These types include:

  • Obstructive (Obstructive) Sleep Apnea: this is a type that occurs due to factors that lead to obstruction in the upper respiratory tract. This form is most commonly seen.
  • Central sleep apnea: this is a form that occurs when the brain does not send appropriate signals to the muscles that control breathing.
  • Mixed sleep apnea: mixed sleep apnea syndrome occurs in a person with both obstructive and central sleep apnea.

ARE YOU AT RISK OF SLEEP APNEA?

Short and thick neck and neck circumference 43 cm in men and 40 cm in women measurement.

Due to obesity, waist circumference is more than 94 cm in men and more than 80 cm in women. The risk of sleep apnea increases 8-12 times in those with a height weight index>29.

HOW IS SLEEP APNEA DIAGNOSED?

During sleep, many data such as heart, brain, respiration, blood-oxygen levels, chest and foot movements are recorded simultaneously in specially prepared rooms of sleep laboratories by the polysomnography process. After evaluating the data, the patient is diagnosed with sleep apnea.

HOW IS SLEEP APNEA TREATED?

In the treatment of sleep apnea, the main approach recommended to almost every patient regardless of the severity of the disease is to lose weight, restrict the use of alcohol, cigarettes and sedative medications, measures to prevent reflux, and adjust the sleep position.

In addition, if there are significant anatomical strictures in the upper respiratory tract, the patient should be evaluated by an otolaryngologist in terms of surgery.

The original treatment of sleep apnea is provided by the use of devices that deliver compressed air to keep the airway open at all times. PAP (positive airway pressure) devices prevent sleep apnea by ensuring that the upper airways remain open during sleep.

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